How to write a scientific essay? – rules and useful tips

scientific essay

Human knowledge passes through the scientific literature, so if you belong to the category of researchers and scholars who wish to contribute to one of the many fields of science, you will certainly be interested in knowing how to write a scientific essay. In reality, the article is a practical guide for all those who, due to study or work requirements, find themselves having to deal with the writing of a scientific text or having to write a university paper. For some students, writing an essay is not an easy job. Fortunately, in this era of the Internet, they can ask for help from professional writing services such as when they experience unresolved difficulties.

What is a scientific essay?

To fully understand the function of the scientific essay it is mandatory to start from the knowledge of the type of paper. Below is the definition on the Wikipedia site:
“The essay is a critical essay in prose of a scientific or popular nature, on a given topic, such as for example scientific, political, philosophical, literary, historical, artistic or custom, treated in a non-formal and limited extension with respect to writings with a broader treatment. “


The scientific essay is intended to inform or disclose a discovery related to one of the many fields of science. The ultimate and most ambitious goal is to expand human knowledge or otherwise provide the basis for future research and discoveries.


The structure of the central part of the essay, or the body of the text, can be summarized in the acronym IMRAD (Introduction Methods Results and Discussions), a model adopted by numerous scientific journals for their publications.

In summary, the scheme to follow is composed of:

Introduction: general information on what has been done and on the objectives to which the work tends.
Methods: procedures used during studies and/or experiments (body of the text).
Results: presentation and description of data, net of interpretations and evaluations.
Discussions: The explanation of the results obtained.

It should always be kept in mind that the text must have an ordered structure, within which the various sections are easily and immediately identifiable. In this sense, we suggest using different fonts or the Word function that allows the hierarchical subdivision of the text and the automatic creation of the index.

Scientific paper: formal rules and writing advice

In this section, we will answer a rather common question, especially among university students and young researchers: how to write a scientific paper? Since this is a work of an essentially technical nature, the drafting must respect a series of structural, stylistic, and writing rules, universally accepted by the “scholars” (a community of professional scholars of a specific scientific discipline). Below are the most important guidelines to follow to achieve a job perfectly aligned with the standards of the genre.


It is a sort of business card that, as such, must be written with extreme care. First of all, we must avoid being too general and at the same time also discouraging readers with technical titles.


When we talk about abstracts we refer to the synthesis, or what we could call a reduced version of the paper. Since many readers, for reasons of time or for practical reasons related to the limitations of accessibility of the document, only read the title and abstract, it is essential to focus on the drafting of an effective, clear, and concise text.

The layout of the paper

In the case of a rather lengthy essay, the first page is devoted exclusively to the indication of the author’s name, the title of the paper, the abstract, and any additional information (degree course, exam subject, name of the teacher, etc. .).


Let’s start by specifying that any type of scientific text should never be written in the first person. To facilitate the comprehension of the text it is advisable to construct short and simple sentences that are logically connected to each other.

Graphic elements

Both the tables and the graphs are indispensable elements for the preparation of a scientific essay. The presentation of data within a text does not make comprehension immediate, rather it slows it down and makes it relatively complex. On the contrary, the presentation and comparison of data on graphs and tables facilitate the understanding and storage of information.

Now that you know how to write a scientific essay, all you have to do is start your research, or if you’ve already completed some of them, start setting up the paper based on the suggestions you read in this guide.

Good job!


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Robin Khokhar

Robin Khokhar

Robin Khokhar is an SEO specialist who mostly writes on SEO. Thus sharing tips and tricks related to SEO, WordPress, blogging, and digital marketing, and related topics.

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